Journalism (PLURAL, part two): from hyperlocal to newsjacking

We live in exciting times in the evolution of journalism. Technology and news are more and more linked to each other. News reporters use storytelling techniques similar to those which are used in films. Just bringing the facts isn’t enough anymore. The past ten years new types of journalism have emerged. Some old and new trends in one, incomplete list. This week: part two!

HYPERLOCAL JOURNALISM (AKA community journalism)

Hyperlocal journalism, sometimes called microlocal journalism, refers to coverage of events and topics on an extremely small, local scale. An example might be a website that covers a specific neighborhood or even a particular section or block of a neighborhood. Hyperlocal journalism focuses on news that would usually not be covered by larger mainstream media outlets, which tend to follow stories of interest to a citywide, statewide or regional audience. Community journalists are typically trained professional reporters and editors. Community journalism should not be confused with the work of citizen journalists, who are often unpaid amateurs, or with civic journalism, although many community newspapers practice that.

NY Times; Community Journalism UK; Fitzrovia News

COMEDIC JOURNALISM

A new form of journalism that incorporates a comedic tone to transmit the news to mass audiences, using comedy or satire to relay a point in news reports. It is therefore not as objective as traditional forms of journalism found in mainstream news media. Comedic journalism has been applied to print media in the past but has experienced a resurgence through the medium of television. Conversely, there has been much criticism about defining these media outlets as “journalism”, since some believe there should be a distinction kept between comedy and journalism.

The Daily Show with John Stewart; The Rick Mercer Report; The Colbert Report

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CONSTRUCTIVE JOURNALISM

Constructive Journalism is based around reporting positive and solution- focused news, instead of revolving around negative and conflict- based stories. It aims to avoid a negativity bias and incorporates findings from positive psychology research to produce novel frameworks for journalism. Therefore, instead of solely reporting on conflicts and problems, constructive journalism aims to gain a more comprehensive portrayal of the issues at hand. . It aims to expose core causes of problems but also to report on emerging ideas and developments to shift society towards more impartial and sustainable paths.

Positive News; Wondernow

Catherine Gyldensted on Science of Good News:

DRONE JOURNALISM

Is the use of drones, or unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), for journalistic purposes. Remotely operated flying cameras can provide shots that were previously affordable only to big-budget film productions. The use of drones for information collection in the journalism industry is still new. Journalists and photographers are increasingly putting small commercial drones in the air to shoot photo and video.

DoneJournalismLab; PSDJ; Dandora Dumpsite

DATA JOURNALISM

Data journalism is a journalism specialty reflecting the increased role that numerical data is used in the production and distribution of information in the digital era. It reflects the increased interaction between content producers (journalist) and several other fields such as design, computer science and statistics.

DATA DRIVEN JOURNALISM

Data-driven journalism is the journalistic process based on analyzing and filtering large data sets for the purpose of creating a news story. Main drivers for this process are newly available resources such as open source software and open data. This approach to journalism builds on older practices, most notably on CAR (computer-assisted reporting).

DATABASE JOURNALISM

News content is organized around structured pieces of data, as opposed to news stories, supplying databases with raw material – articles, photos and other content – by using medium-agnostic publishing systems and then making it available for different devices. It allows organizations for a more efficient workflow. You can maximize the shelf-life of news content and extract more value out of content.

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VR OR AUGMENTED JOURNALISM

The new VR storytelling technique is pioneered by Nonny de la Peña, a journalist and innovator based in L.A. It uses virtual reality technology (in this case, wearable goggles with screens in them complemented by motion-tracking cameras) to place the viewer into virtual recreations of real events. Journalism with added value, which mainly exists on digital platforms but can be transferred to others as well. Augmented journalism is about enriching the audience.

VRSE; Fastcocreate on VR Journalism; Use Of Force

SOCIAL JOURNALISM

Is a media model consisting of a hybrid of professional journalism, contributor and reader content. It is similar to open publishing platforms, like Twitter and WordPress.com, except that some or most content is also created and/or screened by professional journalists. The model, which in some instances has generated monthly audiences in the tens of millions, has been discussed as one way for professional journalism to thrive despite a marked decline in the audience for traditional journalism.

Forbes.com; Medium; BuzzFeed; Gawker

NEWSGAMES

Are a genre of video games that attempt to apply journalistic principles to the creation of a game. Or vice versa: are journalistic stories with elements of gamification. It is based on real concepts, issues, or stories, offering players a fictional experience based on real-world sources. It is the intersection of videogames and journalism.

JFK Reloaded, NarcoGuerra, Endgame: Syria, FORTMCMONEY; Rue 89

Crowdsourcing

Extends beyond citizen journalism and covers a wide range of practices that make use of collective intelligence to gather and check information, tell stories, or make choices in news production. Focuses that community power on a specific project and demonstrates how a group of committed individuals can outperform a small group of experienced (and paid) professionals.

Huffington Post, Documenting the decade (NYT), MP Expenses (The Guardian)

NEWSJACKING

Is the process by which you inject your ideas or angles into breaking news, in real-time, in order to generate media coverage for yourself or your business. Popularized by marketer David Meerman Scott.

Super Bowl Newsjacking, Good, bad and ugly examples

 

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