We live in exciting times in the evolution of journalism. Technology and news are more and more linked to each other. News reporters use storytelling techniques similar to those which are used in films. Just bringing the facts isn’t enough anymore. The past ten years new types of journalism have emerged. Some old and new trends in one, incomplete list. Next week part two!
The internet is feeding us news 24/7. Twitter is beating traditional media in speed. But there is also a downside. Not every message is checked or complete. Slow journalism is a reaction to this speed race. Instead of desperately trying to beat Twitter to the punch, they return to the values of journalism: context, analysis and expert opinion. Slow Journalism is an antidote to reprinted press releases or the same international footage on every channel.
A good example of a reaction to the non-news by Simon McCoy of the BBC, covering the royal labor from outside St. Mary’s Hospital in London:
IMMERSIVE JOURNALISM (AKA Gonzo)
Immersive journalism is the production of news in a form in which people can gain first person experiences of the events or situation described in news stories .Journalists immerse themselves in a situation and with the people involved. The final product tends to focus on the experience, not the writer. Like Gonzo, immersionism details an individual’s experiences from a deeply personal perspective. An individual will choose a situation, and immerse themselves in the events and people involved.
MOBILE JOURNALISM (AKA MOJO)
An emerging form of new media storytelling where reporters use portable electronic devices with network connectivity to gather, edit and distribute news from his or her community. The smartphone / tablet as a camera, research tool, autocue, distributor, … The editorial swiss army knife of mobile (live) newsreporting. MOJO’s, or mobile journalists, use a combination of digital cameras and camcorders, laptop PCs, smartphones or tablet devices. A broadband wireless connection or cellular phone network is then used to transmit the story and imagery for publication.
CIVIC JOURNALISM (AKA public journalism)
Is both a philosophy and a set of values supported by some evolving techniques to reflect both of those in your journalism. At its heart is a belief that journalism has an obligation to public life – an obligation that goes beyond just telling the news or unloading lots of facts. The way we do our journalism affects the way public life goes. Journalism can help empower a community or it can help disable it. Civic journalism is the idea of integrating journalism into the democratic process. The media not only informs the public, but it also works towards engaging citizens and creating public debate.
A contraction of professional and amateur journalism. Allows the audience to publish directly to the same platform, or web site, that professional journalists use to publish their news.
UGC stands for user-generated-content. It refers to photographs, video, textual comment, and other material provided to a news organization or news website by members of the public.
CicadaTracker– Public radio’s WNYC and Radiolab got people to put out homemade sensors in 2013 to try to track the reemergence of the Cicada insects.
iReport – a special section of CNN’s website where people can post their own news stories, including video or photos.
OPEN SOURCE JOURNALISM
Uses transparency in reporting in order to provide a benefit to your audience and possibly benefit from your audience.
Refers to a diffused capacity to record information, share it, and distribute it. In a world in which information and communication are organized around the Internet, the notion of the isolated journalist working alone is obsolete. Every journalist becomes a node in a network that functions to collect, process, and distribute information.
COLLABORATIVE JOURNALISM (AKA link journalism)
Is a mode of journalism where multiple reporters or news organizations, without affiliation to a common parent organization, report on and contribute news items to a news story together. It is practiced by both professional and amateur reporters.
WIKINEWS: the “free-content online news source,” lets any user edit or create a news story, similar in style to Wikipedia.
The Washington Post has developed a political site which links to related content from other news sites.
NBC links to local newspapers, radio broadcasts, online videos, and blogs on its local television stations’ sites.
The New York Times has introduced a Times Extra website feature which acts posts links to outside news sites.
AUTOMATED JOURNALISM (AKA robot journalism)
By means of a crawler type software robots identify and retrieve press releases and news of different sources to integrate, package, and redistribute them to specific networks of information diffusion. It is a set of algorithms which takes data and turns it into words.
LA Times uses robots to report on earthquakes: the organisation relies on an algorithm that pulls in data on magnitude, place and time from a US Geological Survey site.
Forbes.com already uses an artificial intelligence platform provided by the technology company Narrative Science to generate automated news from live data sets.